Multiple sclerosis affects the brain and spinal cord. Early symptoms of multiple sclerosis include weakness, tingling, numbness, and blurred vision. Other possible warning signs are muscle stiffness, thinking problems, and urinary problems. A multiple sclerosis diagnosis is made by the history of symptoms and a neurological exam, often with the help of tests such as an MRI or a spinal tap. No one’s sure what causes multiple sclerosis, but it may be hereditary. There’s no cure for multiple sclerosis, but treatment can relieve worsening of symptoms. MS pain differs from headache pain, a joint injury, or muscle strain.
The pattern of multiple sclerosis varies from person to person. There is no way to predict how each person's condition will progress.
Most people who have been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) have a type called
relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). It usually develops when you're in your 20s or 30s.
EARLY WARNING SIGNS:
• If you experience visual changes and painful eye movements, visit the nearest emergency department. You could have optic neuritis, one of the most common early signs of MS. If you can be treated with corticosteroid medication shortly after optic neuritis develops, the course of the disease may be altered.
• If you have changes in personality, sudden loss of strength in the arms and legs, or respiratory difficulty, you should go to the emergency department for evaluation. These symptoms are common with MS, but they can also be signs of other serious diseases, such as stroke, infection, or chemical imbalances.