Friday, 8 January 2016

Coartem(reg) (artemether-lumefantrine) most effective malaria treatment in areas of high resistance to conventional anti-malarials

UNICAF

A new study published in The Lancet suggests that the combination of artemether and lumefantrine, available from Novartis under the brand name Coartem, is the most effective available treatment for malaria in children in areas of Africa where resistance to conventional anti-malarial drugs is high. Developed and produced by Novartis and its Chinese partners, Coartem is currently the only fixed-dose artemisinin-based combination therapy pre-qualified by the World Health Organization (WHO) for procurement by United Nations agencies.

Recently, the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria approved a grant of USD 170 million to seven African nations for the procurement of Coartem over the next two years.

"These new clinical data confirm that Coartem is the current gold standard to treat malaria in areas of high resistance to conventional anti-malarials and is as such a life-saving drug," said Dr. Daniel Vasella, Chairman and CEO of Novartis. "When combined with the most recent financing commitment from the Global Fund, these results underpin our efforts to rapidly ramp up the production of Coartem."

Since 2001, Novartis has supplied more than six million treatments of artemether-lumefantrine on a non-profit basis for distribution to the public sector in malaria-endemic developing countries. Production of Coartem, currently the leading artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), has increased from 100,000 treatments in 2002 to a projected 30 million treatments in 2005. The original 2001 agreement between Novartis and the WHO forecast demand for Coartem at just over two million treatments in 2005. Since then, non-binding demand forecasts provided by WHO have continuously increased, including a six-fold jump in the 2005 demand forecast between December 2003 and March 2004. In this three month period, the WHO demand forecast surged from 10 million to 60 million treatments.

Published:

Monday, 4 January 2016

AJU GLOBAL LIMITED.: HOW RISKY IS ORAL SEX

AJU GLOBAL LIMITED.: HOW RISKY IS ORAL SEX: How risky is oral sex? Oral sex is the sucking or licking of someone's external genitalia (penis or vulva) or anus. Most experts agree t...

HOW RISKY IS ORAL SEX

How risky is oral sex?

Oral sex is the sucking or licking of someone's external genitalia (penis or vulva) or anus. Most experts agree that having unprotected oral sex is not as risky as having unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse. But oral sex is not risk free.

Unprotected oral sex is less risky than unprotected intercourse because the skin inside the mouth is stronger and thicker than the skin inside the vagina or anus. The skin inside your mouth is less likely to tear during oral sex, allowing fewer opportunities for HIV to enter the bloodstream. Also, it is believed that there is a substance in saliva that actually inhibits HIV.

Remember, even though the risk is low for HIV transmission during oral sex with someone who is HIV positive or whose HIV status is not known, many other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including gonorrhea, chlamidya and herpes can be spread through unprotected oral sex.

Who is at risk?

Body fluids that can transmit HIV include pre-ejaculate fluid, semen, vaginal fluids and blood (including menstrual blood). The receptive partner (the person performing the oral sex act) is at more risk than the insertive partner (the person being stimulated orally). This is due to the fact that the receptive partner comes into contact with more fluids that can transmit the infection.

What increases the risk of HIV getting into my bloodstream?

The risk of HIV entering your bloodstream increases if:
-- You have any cuts or sores in your mouth, even if they are unnoticeable. These tiny cuts could be caused by disease, dental work, flossing, brushing or even from eating ?sharp? foods like chips.
-- The skin in your mouth or on your partner's genitals is torn (even unnoticeably) during rough, very penetrative or prolonged oral sex.

http://www.canadian-health-network.ca

Thursday, 24 December 2015

HOW TO RECOGNIZE YOU HAVE WORMS: HOW TO DEWORM YOURSELF:

Deworming, which is also referred to as drenching, is the process of getting rid of intestinal parasites like worms. The most common ways to contract worms is by eating contaminated food and drinking contaminated water. Luckily, there are ways to get rid of worms at home using research-verified natural remedies, unverified but generally effective supplements, and with medication.

1.    Monitor any itching in the abdomen that you feel. If you have worms, you may feel an itching in your abdomen that is not normal. This itchiness occurs because the worms release toxins in your body that your immune system responds to like an allergic reaction.
  
 2.   Look for any rashes on your body. Like the itchiness you feel, another reaction that your immune system will produce is a rash. This is again caused by the toxic fluids that the worms leak into our system that causes a hypersensitive reaction in the form of a rash.
        The rash will most likely show up as red bumps that might itch.
  
3.    Pay attention to any pain you feel in your abdomen. Some worms can create an obstruction (or blockage) in your intestines. A few worms will causes ulcers, which in turn can cause severe pain in your abdomen. Worms that can cause obstructions in the intestine include
        Round worms.
        Tapeworms.
        Hookworms
    4.    Monitor any sudden and unexplained weight loss. If you have a worm (or worms) in your body, you may experience sudden weight loss without trying to lose weight. This is because worms extract the nutrients from the food that you eat, which means that you don’t get any of the good nutrients that you normally get when you eat food.
  
    5.    Watch out for gagging or coughing that you experience. These symptoms are most commonly associated with roundworms. This type of worm has a tendency to travel from the stomach, up into the chest area. When they move, they can cause you to gag because they are a foreign body moving through your system.
   
    6.    Look for any blood in your stool. Some types of worms, particularly hookworms, actually hook themselves into the lining of your intestine, which can cause a wound to form. Whether or not the worm moves, the wound will continue to bleed. This blood can make its way through your intestine and into your stool.
        The blood can show up as a reddish color in your stool, or your stools may look black, signifying older blood.

REMEDIES:
1. Take albendazole. This medication keeps worms in your body from growing and multiplying while also eliminating the already existing worms. Once you are infected, your doctor will most likely recommend that you take this medication for a year to prevent recurrence of the worms.[3]
    Talk to your doctor about getting a prescription and follow his or her specific instructions regarding how to take this medication. You should take each pill with a meal.
    Pregnant women and people with chronic diseases like sickle cell anemia should not take this medication.

2.  Try pyrantel pamoate. This medication focuses mainly on eradicating pinworms and hookworms. The medication paralyzes the worm’s nervous system, causing the worm to die. The worm then passes out of your stool without further incident
    Talk to your doctor about getting a prescription of this medication. You will only have to take a single dose, but you must follow your doctor’s specific instructions.
    Do not take this medication if you are pregnant or have a liver disease.

3.  Give mebendazole a go. This medicine helps to fight whipworm, hookworm, roundworm and pinworm while also working to prevent future worms from entering your system.
    This medication is taken as a chewable tablet that you can take twice a day for three days.

4.   Try vitaklenz capsules. Vitaklenz is a supplement that contains 12 all-natural herbs that help to cleanse the intestines. It also stimulates your body to produce more phagocytes, which are cells that destroy foreign bodies like worms and other parasites    You can take one capsule of vitaklenz three times a day.

By wikiHow






   

Sunday, 20 December 2015

WHY DOES SPERM LEAK AFTER INTERCOURSE?

 Parents

Q: My husband and I are trying to have a baby, and this will be our first. I have read up on lots of info on how to get pregnant faster, so we are using the missionary position for best results, but I have noticed that after intercourse the sperm seems to come out. Is this normal? What can I do about it? Will it make our chances of conceiving less?


A:
This is very normal and let's talk about why.  We need to get a little graphic, so bear with me.  Ejaculate (the stuff that comes out when a man ejaculates) is made up of a lot of different things.  One of it's components is sperm.  In a normal male ejaculate, there are anywhere between 20 and 400 million sperm.  All you need to get pregnant is one.  What normally happens after intercourse, is that a lot of the ejaculate does leak out.  Some of it, however, remains in the back of the vagina (in the posterior fornix) and an even smaller amount makes it's way up through the cervix, into the uterus and down the fallopian tubes.  It is here, in the fallopian tubes, that the sperm and egg meet.  So, the bottom line is that you don't need to lie in bed with your legs up after intercourse to get pregnant and the fact that semen is leaking out afterwards, doesn't decrease your chances of conceiving.

Friday, 11 December 2015

DOCTORS BELIEVE WATER CAN CURE DISEASES

ATLANTA (CBS46) -

Water is all around us. It makes up more than two-thirds of the earth and more than half of our bodies. One doctor believes water is the cure-all.
There are so many choices when deciding what to drink.
"My favorite drink is a margarita," Dwayne Bassett said.
"Coffee and wine. I find out sometimes that's all I've had to drink all day long," Rachel Bassett said.
What people don't reach for enough, according to one author and doctor, is what Holley Henderson reaches for -- water.
"I think it flushes out your system. I think it keeps you hydrated. I think it keeps you full," Henderson said.The late Dr. Batmanghelidj wrote that the health of a person is directly related to how much water they drink.  He's the author of a book called You're not sick, you're thirsty.
"Water is the main source of energy. It's the main source of life," he wrote.
People who follow Batmanghelidj wrote they have been cured of disease: migraines, asthma, high blood pressure, diabetes, muscular dystrophy and multiple sclerosis, all by having a healthy and hydrated body.
According to Batmanghelidj's book, "dehydration is the origin of pain and disease in the human body, including cancer."
His formula for drinking water was to divide your body weight in half. That is the amount of ounces of water a person should drink per day. For example, if you weigh 200 pounds, you should drink 100 ounces, or 12-and-a-half eight-ounce glasses each day. Batmanghelidj also added a fourth teaspoon of sea salt for every 4-5 glasses of water.

CBS Atlanta asked a local doctor whether she prescribed water to her patients.

"I don't prescribe water enough and I should.  Just like most people in healthcare... make it a more common recommendation," said Dr. Sharon Bergquist, who practices internal medicine at Emory.
Bergquist said she doesn't believe water cures all, but said it is part of the cure.
"Water will reduce your likelihood for example of developing urinary tract infections, kidney stones, constipation, having a fatal attack. So it can make you healthier in that sense, but I wouldn't go as far as to say it's curing those problems," she said.
But for Betty Wainwright, water was part of the cure.
"I found it very difficult to even walk," Wainwright said.
She had quickly become dehydrated, and it affected her entire system.
"It was very quick and I was quite amazed and surprised you could become dehydrated and how essential water was to you," Wainwright said.
Bergquist agreed with Batmanghelidj's recommendation of the amount of water a person needs per day, but said you shouldn't completely turn away from traditional medicine in exchange for more water.
"From a clinical standpoint, there is really no research that supports that it can actually prevent and cure and perform these miraculous things, but intuitively we all know water is a critical part of our health," Bergquist said.

Copyright 2012 WGCL-TV (Meredith Corporation). All rights reserved.

Friday, 4 December 2015

WATER: THE BODY'S MOST IMPORTANT NUTRIENT

Water is your body's most important nutrient, is involved in every bodily function, and makes up 70- 75% of your total body weight. Water helps you to maintain body temperature, metabolize body fat, aids in digestion, lubricates and cushions organs, transports nutrients, and flushes toxins from your body.

Everyone should drink at least 64 ounces per day, and if you exercise or are overweight, even more. Your blood is approximately 90% water and is responsible for transporting nutrients and energy to muscles and for taking waste from tissues.

If you are not getting enough water, your body will react by pulling it from other places, including your blood. This causes the closing of some smaller vessels (capillaries), making your blood thicker, more susceptible to clotting, and harder to pump through your system. This can have serious implications in hypertension, high cholesterol, and heart disease. Recent studies have also linked the lack of water to headaches, arthritis, and heartburn.






Health and Fitness News Article - TheraGear Article Resource