Monday, 23 March 2015


Type 2 diabetes, once called non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes, affecting 90% to 95% of the 26 million Americans with diabetes.

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, the bodies of people with type 2 diabetes make insulin. But either their pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin well enough. This is called insulin resistance. When there isn't enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose (sugar) can't get into the body's cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, the body's cells are not able to function properly. Other problems associated with the buildup of glucose in the blood include:

    Damage to the body. Over time, the high glucose levels in the blood can damage the nerves and small blood vessels of the eyes, kidneys, and heart and lead to atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries that can cause heart attack and stroke.
    Dehydration. The buildup of sugar in the blood can cause an increase in urination, causing dehydration.
    Diabetic coma (hyperosmolar nonketotic diabetic coma). When a person with type 2 diabetes becomes very ill or severely dehydrated and is not able to drink enough fluids to make up for the fluid losses, they may develop this life-threatening complication.

Type 2 Diabetes in Children

More and more children are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Find out about type 2 diabetes symptoms in children, the diagnosis, and the treatment of type 2 diabetes in childhood. If your child is at risk for childhood diabetes, it’s important to learn specific self-care tips to help prevent diabetes.

Anyone can get type 2 diabetes. But those at highest risk for the disease are those who:

    Are over 45
    Are obese or overweight
    Have had gestational diabetes
    Have family members who have type 2 diabetes
    Have prediabetes
    Don't exercise
    Have low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides
    Have high blood pressure
Are members of certain racial or ethnic groups including:
        African Americans
        Native Americans
        Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders

Friday, 20 March 2015


The curiosity of how we might die is in the back of many people’s minds, but instead of living a paranoid life, there are many ways you can healthily prevent an early death — and assure a happier life. (Photo: Getty)

All A/C units falling out of windows aside, sidestepping what’s out to get you is actually pretty simple. And when it comes to delaying your inevitable demise, lifestyle plays a bigger role than genetics do, per research in the Journal of Internal Medicine. Here are the six biggest threats out there and the best ways to fight them. Plus, if you’re already doing them, how you can still up your lease on life.

Heart disease is the No. 1 man-killer out there, responsible for one out of four male deaths, according to the
Centers of Disease Control and Prevention

. While everyone knows exercise can help cut your risk, most men don’t realize by how much. Being inactive is as risky as smoking a pack a day, says cardiologist James M. Rippe, M.D.
Already rocking your workouts? Make sure you’re hydrating, too. In one American Journal of Epidemiology study, men who drank five glasses of water per day were 54 percent less likely to die from a heart attack than those who drank two or fewer. It may be because water dilutes the blood so it is less likely to clot and make your heart go berserk.

Following close behind, cancer is responsible for 24.1 percent of all male deaths. And, no, cancer isn’t just bad luck. “More than 50 percent of cancers have a significant lifestyle factor,” Rippe says. In fact, smoking is the leading cause of cancer death in America, says Aaron Clark, D.O., a family-medicine physician at
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.

Stopped smoking years ago? Try losing some weight, too. Being overweight affects your hormone levels, predisposing you to gastrointestinal and other cancers, Rippe says. Experts believe that within the next 10 years, obesity will replace smoking as the No. 1 cause of cancer deaths in America.

Guys seriously need to be more careful. Accidental injuries—like those sustained during car crashes—are the third leading cause of male deaths, per the CDC.

Are you a super-safe driver? You might want to make sure that when you are old and wrinkly, you’ll also be a safe walker. Falls take out a lot of old-timers. Start protecting your joints as early as your thirties, says Rippe, who recommends taking a supplement like Osteo Bi-Flex to renew your cartilage and help lubricate joints. Also, most joint problems in men are linked with improperly treated sports injuries, so talk to your doctor about your bad knee, he says.

By and large, this man-killer (it’s responsible for 5.4 percent of deaths among men) equates to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Rippe says. Also called emphysema and chronic bronchitis, it strikes the lungs and makes it harder and harder to breathe over the years. Other less common causes of chronic lower respiratory diseases are asthma and pulmonary fibrosis.


Strokes aren’t just your grandpa’s problem anymore. Research published in


suggests that up to 15 percent of strokes (which are the fourth-leading cause of male deaths) occur before age 45. The biggest player: high blood pressure, Clark says. If it’s over 120/80, talk to your doctor—and cut your sodium intake.

Already cutting sodium-packed processed foods? Drink more milk, Rippe recommends. Milk is the leading source of potassium in the average American’s diet, and adequate potassium levels can help combat sodium’s negative effects on blood pressure. Bananas and avocados are pretty packed with potassium too

Diabetes is behind 3.1 percent of all male deaths. Meanwhile, 9.3 percent of the U.S. population has diabetes, according to the CDC

. But even if you can live with type 2 diabetes, you don’t have to. By getting to a healthy weight, you can cut significantly cut your risk.

By K. Aleisha Fetters

Saturday, 28 February 2015


Mary Werner

Thursday, 26 February 2015


Silas Johnson recently entered the world through emergency cesarean section at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, but what makes his case truly extraordinary is that he was born at 26 weeks with his amniotic sac still perfectly intact around him, holding the placenta and umbilical cord as well, reports KHON2.

"It was a moment that really did, even though it's a cliche, [make us catch] our breath," the doctor who delivered him says. "It really felt like a moment of awe." Mom Chelsea Philips had no idea until her mom showed her a picture later.


"He was kind of in a fetal position and you could see like his arms and his legs curled up," she says. "It was actually really cool to see, and when I heard that was actually really rare, I was like, oh my gosh, you're a special little baby." In fact, it's in just 1 in 80,000 births or so that the thin, tough membrane still covers part of a newborn's body, and it's typically the head, reports the San Francisco Chronicle.

But being born "en caul," as it's called, where the entire body is still surrounded by the sac (with the placenta providing oxygen), is a true medical rarity most OB-GYNs will never see.

The doctor "was in awe when the baby just popped out completely enclosed," per a Cedars-Sinai statement. "They had just a short amount of time to get the baby out of the sac and ... he had to puncture the sac with his fingers."

Silas, now nearly 3 months old, is healthy and left the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit part of the Maxine Dunitz Children's Health Center in mid-February. According to Cedars-Sinai, he is at home with his mom and doing great.

(One girl was born in China last year at 23 weeks.)


Your Heart Will Go Nuts for Peanuts.

Peanuts are rich in monounsaturated fats, the type of fat that is emphasized in the heart-healthy Mediterranean diet. Studies of diets with a special emphasis on peanuts have shown that this little legume is a big ally for a healthy heart. In one such randomized, double-blind, cross-over study involving 22 subjects, a high monounsaturated diet that emphasized peanuts and peanut butter decreased cardiovascular disease risk by an estimated 21% compared to the average American diet.

In addition to their monounsaturated fat content, peanuts feature an array of other nutrients that, in numerous studies, have been shown to promote heart health. Peanuts are good sources of vitamin E, niacin, folate, protein and manganese. In addition, peanuts provide resveratrol, the phenolic antioxidant also found in red grapes and red wine that is thought to be responsible for the French paradox: the fact that in France, people consume a diet that is not low in fat, but have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease compared to the U.S. With all of the important nutrients provided by nuts like peanuts, it is no wonder that numerous research studies, including the Nurses' Health Study that involved over 86,000 women, have found that frequent nut consumption is related to reduced risk of cardiovascular disease.

Tuesday, 24 February 2015


Health Benefits of Bitter-Leaf
By Mark Perry | Medicinal Herbs | Rating:

This kind of leaf is very familiar to some people but others may not have any idea about this wonder leaf. Bitter-leaf can grow anywhere unlike other leaves that only grow in certain places and temperature. These leaves flourishes anywhere they grow. They add beauty to all places where they are present. The most distinctive characteristic of this plant is its bitterness. Every part of this plant is bitter starting from the leaves to its roots. The bitterness of this plant is actually good for the body. It has a lot of health benefits to people. The plant can remind people that life is not always sweet; it takes to taste bitterness before you can achieve sweetness. This plant is very useful in toning the vital organs of the body especially the liver and the kidney.

The liver is one of the most important organs of the body. It has a lot of vital functions that is needed for normal functioning of the whole system of the body. Without the liver all major process in the body will be paralyze. The liver is known as the largest organ inside the body. It has an approximate weight of 1-3 kg in an average adult individual. There are a lot of major functions that the liver should do every day and this includes the production of bile acid that helps in fat metabolism.

Without the liver fats will not be digested inside the body to be use as energy. Bitter-leaf can be very helpful in maintaining the livers optimum health to release bile acid every time people eat fatty foods. Another major function of the liver is the production of glycogen. Glycogen is stored energy that is release in times of low level of glucose especially for people who do fasting.

The liver should be well taken care of by using bitter-leaf. Once the liver is been damage it can’t be restored into its normal function. People with liver problems can boil a bitter-leaf and drink a glass of it every day.

Another very vital organ inside the body is the kidney. Kidney helps in the excretion of waste products inside the body. If the normal function of the kidney breakdown there will great huge problem inside the body. Bitter-leaf a natural herb that is useful in taking care of the kidney and the liver.

Diabetic patient can also use bitter-leaf as one of their medication to prevent high sugar level in the blood. It will not only lower the sugar level in the blood but also repair impaired pancreas. As you all know pancreas is the organ responsible for the production of insulin for glucose to reach each cell to use by the body as energy. Impaired pancreas does not release the right amount of insulin to maintain the right sugar level in the blood. Bitter-leaf is a real wonder of nature. You can take the benefit of this amazing plant by squeezing its leaves in ten litters of water.

Sunday, 22 February 2015


The Risks and Complications of Uncontrolled Diabetes
If not controlled, diabetes can put you at risk for a host of complications that can affect nearly every organ in the body. They include:

    The heart and blood vessels
    The eyes
    The kidneys
    The nerves
    The gums and teeth

Heart Disease, Blood Vessel Disease, and Diabetes

Heart disease and blood vessel disease are the biggest complications that people with uncontrolled diabetes face. Approximately 71% of adults with diabetes also have high blood pressure or take medication to reduce blood pressure and 65% have high cholesterol or take medication to treat it. 

Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 1.7 times higher than adults without diabetes.The risk for stroke is 1.5 times higher .

Many studies show that controlling diabetes can prevent or stop the progression of heart and blood vessel disease.

Blood vessel damage or nerve damage (see below) may also lead to foot problems that can lead to amputations. More than 60% of leg and foot amputations not related to an injury are due to diabetes.
Diabetes and the Eyes

Diabetes is the leading cause of new blindness in the U.S. in adults ages 20-74. It can cause a number of eye problems, some of which can lead to blindness if not addressed. The eye disorders include:

    Diabetic retinopathy

Studies show that regular eye exams and timely treatment of diabetes-related eye problems could prevent up to 90% of diabetes-related blindness.
Kidney Disease and Diabetes

Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in adults in the U.S., accounting for 44% of new cases. Drugs that lower blood pressure (even if you don't have high blood pressure) can lower risk of kidney failure by 33%.
Diabetes and Your Nerves

Over time, high blood sugar levels can harm the nerves. This can lead to loss of sensation or feeling (usually starting in the toes) or pain and burning of the feet. Approximately 60%-70% of people with  diabetes have some form of nerve damage.

Diabetes-related nerve damage can also cause pain in the legs, arms, and hands, and can cause problems with digestion, going to the bathroom, or having sex.