Tuesday, 28 October 2014


Sunday, 26 October 2014


What is Knee Replacement Surgery?
The healthroute
Knee Replacement Surgery or Arthroplasty, is the procedure during which the weight bearing or damaged part of the knee joint are replaced by an Implant. This surgery helps the patient for pain relief and overcoming disability. There are two types of Knee Replacement Surgeries – one knee joint replacement (Unilateral), replacement of both knee joints (Bilateral or total knee replacement)

Reasons for Knee Joint Damage?

The knee joint gets worn down with age. The other reasons for Knee deterioration are:

 1.   Osteoarthritis 2.   Rheumatoid Arthritis 3.   Gout or infection 4.   Obesity is also a major cause of Knee Joint wear & tear

What does the new Knee joint do?
Alleviate Pain |Improve Movement | Enable Normal Functioning

How is Knee damage diagnosed?

1. Knee damage causes pain or swelling in the joint you have severe pain, swelling and stiffness in your knee joint and your mobility is reduced

​2. Your knee pain is so severe that it interferes with your quality of life and sleep. Everyday tasks, such as shopping or getting out of the bath, are difficult or impossible you cannot work or have a normal social life 3. An X ray is generally sufficient to indicate the wear and tear of the Knee Joint. However in some cases an MRI might be done to exclude soft tissue pathology.

Step 1:
The anesthetist puts the patient under general anesthesia (the procedure is conducted while the patient is sleeping) or an epidural (only the lower body is under anesthesia) 
Step 2:
The surgery team takes over and starts and makes in an incision into the knee which requires a joint replacement.
The new joint is now implanted and the bone is prepared to house the new implant. There are many types of implants available to surgeons, in India we use US FDA approved joints which are world class. NAV3 machines are used to precisely guide the surgeons for a perfect placement of the joint.
The hospital stay is usually 3-4 days
Step 3:
The patients are guided by specialists in the hospital into an exercise regimen, this require about 4-6 weeks.
During this period the patient is given special exercises, which promote quick healing and settling of the new joint in the body.
These exercises also help the patient to get used to the knee joint. Usually a patient needs a walking aid for about 4-6 weeks and post this period patients are able to resume normal activity.

Friday, 24 October 2014


After-40 Nutrition: The Surprising Health Benefits of Beans
Beans are a super healthy, super versatile and super affordable food. Beans are high in antioxidants, fiber, protein, B vitamins, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper and zinc. Eating beans regularly may decrease the risk of diabetes, heart disease, colorectal cancer, and helps with weight management. Beans are hearty, helping you feel full so you will tend to eat less.
As we get older, we need fewer calories and beans are a great way to boost the nutrition power of your meal without boosting the calories. A half-cup of beans has only about 100 calories.

What Beans Can Do for You.

All legumes such as kidney, black, white and red beans, chick peas and lentils confer health benefits.
    Including beans in your diet several times a week may decrease the risk of colorectal adenomas (polyps), which may in turn lower the risk of colorectal cancer.
    Eating beans regularly may lower the risk of coronary heart disease.
    The Shanghai Women’s Health Study looked at the legume consumption of over 64,000 women and their risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Researchers found that consumption of legumes, particularly soybeans, was inversely associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes. The more legumes these women ate, the lower their risk of getting type 2 diabetes.

Article written by Samantha Heller, MS, RD
Author of Get Smart: Samantha Heller’s Nutrition Prescription for Boosting Brain Power & Optimizing Total Body HealthClinical...

Wednesday, 22 October 2014



In a study published in NEJM (New England Journal of Medicine), Dr Maura Gillison of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland, USA, and team suggested that people who have oral sex with at least 6 different partners have a significantly higher risk of developing throat cancer.

The team recruited 100 patients who had recently been diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer, as well as 200 "healthy" individuals (the control group).

They found that people who had at least 6 oral-sex partners during their lifetime were 3.4 times more likely to have throat cancer. Those with 26 or more vaginal-sex partners had a 3.1 times higher risk of developing throat cancer.

What are the risk factors for throat cancer?
Smoking - this is by far the most important risk factor for throat cancer. Regular, long-term, heavy smokers are 20 times more likely to develop some type of throat cancer compared to non-smokers.

Alcohol - heavy, chronic alcohol consumption, particularly spirits, also raises the risk of developing throat cancer.

People who do both - drink and smoke a lot - have the highest risk.

Frequent heartburn - non-drinkers and non-smokers who have frequent heartburn have a higher risk of developing cancers of the throat and vocal cord.

Written by Christian Nordqvist
Copyright: Medical News Today
Not to be reproduced without permission.

Monday, 20 October 2014


 e Medicine Health
  Once infectious particles reach the alveoli (small saclike structures in the air spaces in the lungs), another cell, called the macrophage, engulfs the TB bacteria.
        Then the bacteria are transmitted to the lymphatic system and bloodstream and spread to other organs occurs.
        The bacteria further multiply in organs that have high oxygen pressures, such as the upper lobes of the lungs, the kidneys, bone marrow, and meninges -- the membrane-like coverings of the brain and spinal cord.
    When the bacteria cause clinically detectable disease, you have TB.
    People who have inhaled the TB bacteria, but in whom the disease is controlled, are referred to as infected. Their immune system has walled off the organism in an inflammatory focus known as a granuloma. They have no symptoms, frequently have a positive skin test for TB, yet cannot transmit the disease to others. This is referred to as latent tuberculosis infection or LTBI.
    Risk factors for TB include the following:
        HIV infection,
        low socioeconomic status,
        crowded living conditions,
        diseases that weaken the immune system,
        migration from a country with a high number of cases,
        and health-care workers.

Wednesday, 15 October 2014



What Are Hemorrhoids?
The term hemorrhoids refers to a condition in which the veins around the anus or lower rectum are swollen and inflamed. Hemorrhoids may result from straining to move stool. Other contributing factors include pregnancy, aging, chronic constipation or diarrhea, and anal intercourse. Hemorrhoids are both inside and above the anus (internal) or under the skin around the anus (external). Hemorrhoids (piles) arise from congestion of internal and/or external venous plexuses around the anal canal.
How Common Are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women. About half of the population have hemorrhoids by age 50. Hemorrhoids are also common among pregnant women. The pressure of the fetus in the abdomen, as well as hormonal changes, cause the hemorrhoidal vessels to enlarge. These vessels are also placed under severe pressure during childbirth. For most women, however, hemorrhoids caused by pregnancy are a temporary problem.

How Are Hemorrhoids Diagnosed?
A thorough evaluation and proper diagnosis by the doctor is important any time bleeding from the rectum or blood in the stool occurs. Bleeding may also be a symptom of other digestive diseases, including colorectal cancer. The doctor will examine the anus and rectum to look for swollen blood vessels that indicate hemorrhoids and will also perform a digital rectal exam with a gloved, lubricated finger to feel for abnormalities. Closer evaluation of the rectum for hemorrhoids requires an exam with an anoscope, a hollow, lighted tube useful for viewing internal hemorrhoids, or a proctoscope, useful for more completely examining the entire rectum. To rule out other causes of gastrointestinal bleeding, the doctor may examine the rectum and lower colon (sigmoid) with sigmoidoscopy or the entire colon with colonoscopy. Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are diagnostic procedures that also involve the use of lighted, flexible tubes inserted through the rectum. 

Sunday, 12 October 2014


Health Goes Upi
Coffee is very popular all over the world. It tastes good, helps you to wake up and stimulates your mind. Nevertheless, many people are trying to give up drinking coffee, or are trying to drink decaf coffee, because they are anxious about their health. Many doctors affirm that coffee can be injurious for health, when the other doctors are sure that coffee can benefit health and prevent many diseases. So, who is right?

Of course, drinking coffee can cause harm to you health, but it can also become a tasty treatment of some illnesses. Trying to evaluate advantages and disadvantages of drinking coffee, we’ll start with benefits.

1.First of all, regular coffee-drinkers (2-3 cups per day) can be safe from the cancer of the throat or oral cavity.
2.Your regular cup of coffee can increase your intellectual activity, when you are bored or tired.
3. High antioxidant activity makes coffee an excellent ally against Parkinson’s disease.
4. Coffee can protect against asthma due to theophylline.
5. Antioxidants and magnesium in coffee prevents type 2 diabetes.
6.Coffee helps to counter migraines and is an avowed anti-depressant.
7. Coffee reduces the risk of cirrhosis of the liver.
8.Smokers should not avoid coffee, since it can help against bladder cancer, thanks to its diuretic effect.
9.Coffee protects your heart, and you may not afraid of cardiovascular diseases.
10. Due to content of tannin, coffee protects your teeth against caries.
11. Blepharospasm is one more disease you can avoid drinking coffee.
But drinking coffee, a person should always keep within limits. Two – three cups a day it’s norm, more than five – excess, which can lead to upsetting consequences.

Too much coffee can:

1. cause irritability and anxiety. This condition is, for sure, well-known to all the coffee-fans. Excessive coffee consumption leads to insomnia or to narcolepsy.
2. Coffee can protect against cancer, but it also contains a lot of acknowledged carcinogens: caffeine, creosote, tars, pymdine etc.
3. Drinking too much coffee raises cortisol level, which in turn causes higher blood pressure and harder heart pumping.
4. Coffee can affect pregnancy. It may lead to low birth weight, miscarriages, inability to conceive, birth defects, premature birth, and sluggish sperm.
5. Persons with glaucoma should avoid coffee, since it may increase intraocular pressure.
6. Caffeine leaches calcium from the bones and may aggravate osteoporosis.
7. Chemicals in coffee can irritate the stomach lining.
8. Iron deficiency anemia is the problem of coffee-drinkers.
9. Coffee contains a lot of vitamin K, which can affect coagulability of the blood.
Comparing all the risks and benefits we can notice, that drinking coffee is a benefit, but the excess of coffee is harm. Never the less, there are some categories of people, who should never drink coffee. It is strictly prohibited to nursing or pregnant women, persons with high blood pressure, heart diseases, high cholesterol and people with mental illnesses, anxiety or insomnia. Mind your health and keep within limits, and coffee will became your best friend!